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Week 4 Project Your “Application of Theoretical Concepts to Research” Paper is due this week. Your paper should contain the following sections: Background: contains two subsections, which includes a brief description of the theorist and the phenomenon of concern in the theory. Theory Description: a description of each of the concepts in the theory, a diagram of the theory, and a description of how the concepts are related. An Evaluation of the Theory: a description of the theory’s weaknesses and how the metaparadigms are described in the theory. Application of the Theory: Describe two studies that used the theory as a framework for their study, including a description of how they operationalized the concepts. How could you use the theory to research a phenomenon in your area of clinical practice? How would you operationalize the concepts? You MUST use the attached template here to complete your paper. The paper is to be thoroughly researched and well documented, with relevant material from the nursing theorists presented incorporated into the paper. Use the current edition of the APA Manual throughout the paper. Sources should focus on references from nursing theory but may also include conceptual and theoretical material from other professional domains. The paper, excluding references or appendices, is to be limited to 3-5 pages. Writing should be succinct and well organized, as it is impossible for the facilitator to evaluate form and content separately. Nola Pender’s Model Nola J. Pender: Health Promotion Model (HPM) The fundamental aim of every healthcare professional is health promotion and disease prevention. This shift in focus has taken place because of the high costs involved in healthcare. Pender’s health promotion model was developed to provide a framework for predicting health promoting behaviors. The factors that influence health behaviors are multidimensional. All factors are interrelated and, therefore, produce results that exert both direct and indirect influences on health promoting behaviors. These factors cooperatively support the processes that influence individuals to make informed decisions and participate in health promoting behaviors. Identification of the interrelationships and an understanding of the dynamics that facilitate health specific behaviors provide insight into both health compromising and health enhancing behaviors, and is what makes the model useful to researchers (Pender,1996)2. Consider this example. Lack of physical activity and sedentary life styles are emerging as major health risks today. Populations across the world require regular physical activity to maintain good health and prevent diseases. Pender’s HPM model can be used as a framework to examine the necessity of continued research in this important area of health behavior, as this will facilitate the identification of the most effective interventions to promote physical activity among diverse populations The HPM model is relevant to education, research, and practice.